Japanese American Veterans Association’s Gift Recognized by National Museum of the United States Army

[EdNote.  Wade Ishimoto arranged for the printing of this article by Call of Duty, a publication of the US Army Museum, Fort Belvoir, VA.]  

Kenneth Higashi’s Légion d’honneur Conferment Ceremony

Kenneth Higashi in uniform, Fassbender Studios, Deadwood, SD, (ca.1948-52). 

Kenneth Higashi receives prestigious medal for his service.

Reprinted ABC KOTA TV

RAPID CITY, S.D. (KOTA,TV)- The community gathered at Black Hills State University to honor 97-year-old life long Spearfish resident and World War ll Veteran Kenneth Higashi.

Honor, sacrifice, and hero were just a few of the words used to describe World War ll Veteran, Kenneth Higashi.

“Take this opportunity to properly recognize someone for all that he has done for our nation and the nation of France,” says master of ceremonies, Gregory Dias.

Higashi was a member of the 100th Infantry Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team who served in Europe during World War ll.

“Most highly decorated unit of all time in United States history. And he was being honored with a bunch of United States awards and Frances highest honor,” says Dias.

Higashi received a dozen awards including such prestigious honors as the French Legion of honor and the Bronze Star Medal.

“It was really overwhelming and quite emotional,” says a friend of Higashi, Lauren Harris.

Many describe him as an understated, quiet, and reserved individual, so to have a crowd of people honoring him was quite an experience.

“Sacrifices that he made, and his generation made for them for the ones that were to come without really making a big deal out of it,” says Harris.

“There are honor and selflessness, and he was willing to put everything on the line,” says Dias.

But the awards weren’t the most crucial part for Higashi; it was making sure the younger generation learns from history.

“Some things happened to Kenneth and people like him that probably shouldn’t have happened and those are lessons that we need to learn and not repeat,” says Dias.

Video of award: https://www.kotatv.com/content/news/World-War-ll-veteran-honored-for-his-service–558048061.html

“We The People”: Seven Part Documentary on Japanese Internment  

Nevada City Filmmaker Produces Series on Incarceration of Japanese During World War II

Reprinted courtesy of The Union, Nevada County, CA

“We the People..,” a seven-part documentary series about the incarceration of the Japanese during World War II is now available online, free at https://wethepeopleseries.com.

Nevada City award-winning filmmaker Catherine Busch has recently completed “We the People …,” an educational documentary series about the incarceration of the Japanese during World War II and its relevance today.

Seven years in the making, the filmmaker says this project is by far her best and most powerful work.

Clearly a labor of love, Busch says the seven part series was designed as “thought- provoking educational material for classroom and small group discussion — for the purpose of inspiring people to become informed and politically involved in decision-making that effects our communities, and our country; for the opportunity for discussion between Americans with differing views.”


Sponsored by the California Museum, the series and accompanying photos are a part of the Sacramento museum’s “Time of Remembrance” student field trip presentation and tour. A recipient of a California Civil Liberties Grant, the recently-released project has already received national recognition, including Videographer Awards’ “award of distinction” for writing, a Hermes Gold Creative Award for creativity and a dotCOMM Award for web design.


Busch took on this massive project alone, including operating the camera, conducting interviews, accessing archival footage and photos, researching, editing and selecting music. But it’s all been worth it, she said, especially given the current fear-driven, divisive political landscape that hasn’t reared its head so powerfully since World War II. Determined to see the project through to its completion, she never stopped seeking grants and donations until the final cut.


Among Busch’s biggest champions throughout the arduous filmmaking process was Scott Lay, Nevada County Superintendent of Schools.

This fall, not only is Lay distributing the teachers’ guide for “We the People” to all principals in the county, he’s also spreading the word to other superintendents and colleagues in the greater foothills region. But the series’ reach goes far beyond the foothills — in the short time since its release it has already been confirmed for use in Catholic schools throughout San Jose, Sacramento and Fresno.

“When Catherine came to me with the idea, I wanted to help in any way I could,” said Lay. “As a former history teacher, learning about Japanese internment is critical. We need to learn from the past so we don’t make mistakes like this in the future. I love the way the series is broken up into 15-minute snippets with discussion guides for each segment. I was thrilled when I heard the series was ready for release. Catherine is an amazing woman.”


Part 1, “Uprooted,” documents the shocking upheaval of families who were forced to evacuate the West Coast, leaving their jobs, schools and businesses, regardless of citizenship. Due to President Roosevelt’s Executive Order 9066, these families were scattered among 10 guarded “internment” camps located in Idaho, inland California, Utah, Arizona, Wyoming, Colorado and Arkansas.

Part 2, “Incarceration Camps” tells the story of life inside the camps, including powerful first-hand accounts of abhorrent and cramped conditions, such as the Santa Anita Racetrack, where more than 8,500 Japanese Americans lived in converted horse stalls.

Part 3, “Go For Broke,” is the motto of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, an Army unit made up of Japanese Americans from the mainland U.S. and Hawaii. As Nisei (second-generation Japanese Americans) and American-born sons of Japanese immigrants, these soldiers were said to be fighting two wars — the war against the Germans in Europe and the war against racial prejudice at home.

Part 4, “The Return Home,” chronicles the anxiety, fear and uncertainty faced by Japanese-American families who feared they would be treated as enemies once they left the camps. Many faced economic devastation due to losing their businesses or farms. An estimated 85 percent of families originally from the Sacramento region did not return to their homes.

Part 5, “People Who Helped,” tells the stories of individuals, organizations and congregations that helped the incarcerated, including neighbors who operated businesses until the owners were released, Quakers who helped Japanese-American college students finish their education and a couple who relocated 1,000 people out of the camps.

Part 6, “Racism and Redress,” is based on the report of the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians, a federal commission established in 1980 to review facts surrounding Executive Order 9066 and its impact on American citizens. Its conclusions, submitted in 1983, were deemed, “Personal Justice Denied,” a unanimous report that became the basis for the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, which granted wartime survivors a public apology, individual reparations of $20,000 and a public education fund.

Part 7, the final chapter, is probably the segment dearest to Busch’s heart, as it examines a topic which she says has key relevance in today’s searing political climate. “Could This Happen Again?” encourages national dialogue on this unmistakably dark chapter in U.S. history and asks authors, lawmakers, academics and everyday citizens whether we have truly learned from a profound and blatant misinterpretation and/or disregard of the U.S. Constitution.

“This has been a true labor of love for Catherine — she was so dedicated to this project,” said Amanda Meeker, executive director of the California Museum. “Sadly, some of the subjects who were interviewed have passed away, but their experiences will live on and teach others. It’s been over 75 years since this happened, but these first-person accounts are so relevant to what’s going on today. Catherine has done a beautiful job of making those connections. We hope teachers will use this series — it’s a lesson that everyone of us can make a difference. It’s wonderful to see this series finished after all these years.”


The U.S. government’s incarceration of Japanese American families from 1942 to 1945 is a deeply disturbing wound that lingers in the psyche of many Americans of the west.

But Busch, who grew up in Pennsylvania, was 40 years old when she first learned that an estimated 120,000 Americans of Japanese ancestry — most of whom lived near the Pacific coast — were forced into relocation camps in the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor.

“I laughed when I first heard about it — because I didn’t believe it,” said Busch. “Then I was horrified when I realized that many people back east didn’t even know about this important chapter in our history. It wasn’t taught in our schools then.”

That moment of realization was decades ago, but it was a turning point for Busch, who vowed to someday increase awareness about the shocking, racially-motivated incarceration of innocent American citizens. With ignorance of the past, she thought, comes the risk of repeating dangerous missteps in the future.

“I produced this in part because I wanted people of differing views to be able to talk about what happened to the Japanese and what’s happening now,” said Busch. “There do seem to be similar situations emerging along our southern borders. There are whiffs of this in the air.” To contact Staff Writer Cory Fisher, email her at Cory@theunion.com..

[EdNote.”We the People” filmmaker Catherine Busch generously grants her permission to distribute series link to all interested. For schools and educators there is an Overview and Discussion Guide for each show and is on the website https://wethepeopleseries.com]

Once Lost, Internment Camp In Hawaii Now A National Monument

Hawaii’s Honouliuli Internment Camp held thousands of prisoners of war and hundreds of Japanese-American citizens during World War II. Photo: Japanese Cultural Center of Hawaii.

Courtesy of NPR Hawaii

Molly Solomon (March 16, 2015)

The Honouliuli internment camp, not far from Hawaii’s Pearl Harbor, held as many as 4,000 prisoners during World War II, including hundreds of Japanese-Americans.

In February, President Obama named the location a national monument.

The camp became known by prisoners as “jigokudani,” or “Hell’s Valley,” says Carole Hayashino, the president of the Japanese Cultural Center of Hawaii.

“There are many stories — families were visiting their family members interned, they would be blindfolded and they board a bus in downtown Honolulu,” she says. “And then they would be driven into the gulch. They had no idea where they were going.”

An old aqueduct cuts across the camp, which is now overgrown with weeds and brush.

Thick brush and overgrown trees now cover the 160 acres that were once Honouliuli. The site remained hidden from view for decades after the war. It was rediscovered in 2002 by volunteers at the Japanese Cultural Center, who traced an aqueduct in the background of an old photograph, Hayashino says.

An old aqueduct cuts across the camp, which is now overgrown with weeds and brush. Photo: Molly Solomon.

The internees didn’t talk about it, the pain was so deep,” she says. “They didn’t share their own camp experience with their families. We almost lost this history.”

In an oral history interview collected by the cultural center, Harry Urata recalled the morning Pearl Harbor was bombed. He was a boarding school student at the time.

“I still remember that morning: 7:50 a.m., I was at dormitory. All of a sudden, music stop — Hawaiian music,” he recalled. “Announcer came out again: ‘This is war. Entire Hawaiian island under enemy attack.’ “

Urata, who died in 2009, was born in the U.S. but educated in Japan. In the interview, he said FBI agents showed up at his civics class to take him to Honouliuli, where he was imprisoned for more than a year.

“How come I gotta stay inside here, although I am American citizen?” he recalled wondering. “We are there under suspicion. They just suspect us.”

Unlike the internment camps on the mainland, the wartime incarceration of Japanese in Hawaii was done on a much smaller scale.

Those targeted were religious leaders, local business owners and people like Urata, who went to school in Japan

Removing that leadership had a huge impact, says Hayashino of the Japanese Cultural Center.

“You’re leaving an entire community leaderless,” she says. “It’s selective, yet it’s very strategic.”

Creating a national monument at Honouliuli is a strategy of a different kind: keeping memory alive, says Paul DePrey of the National Park Service, which is creating a plan for Honouliuli.

“That’s why we need to protect and preserve sites like this,” he says, “because if we don’t, it will be forgotten.”

Story and audio segment can be found at: 

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/03/16/393284680/in-hawaii-a-wwii-internment-camp-named-national-monument (March 16, 2015)

Other NPR stories and audio segments on Honouliuli by Molly Solomon can be found at:

https://www.hawaiipublicradio.org/post/obama-declares-oahu-internment-camp-national-monument (February 18, 2015)

https://www.hawaiipublicradio.org/post/honouliuli-internment-camp-dedicated-national-monument#stream/0 (April 1, 2015)

[Ednote.  The article was provided by Wade Ishimoto and Bill Dorman, VP, News Director, Hawaii Public Radio, approved reprint and offered the use of additional links.]