Japanese American Veterans Association

e-Advocate

Vol 1 No. 6, September 1, 2019 

75th Anniversary Trip to French Battlefields


75th Anniversary Tour Participants on Church Steps in Bruyères. Photo by David Nishitani

Compiled by Editor from contributions made by J. Morita, M. Nakagawa, M. Tanikawa and D. Nishitani.

Seventy-five years ago, the 100th Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team engaged in battles that etched the unit as one of the U.S. Army’s most decorated of its size. In commemoration of the battles, Dr. Brian Yamamoto of Fairbanks, Alaska organized a July 2019 French Battlefield tour to pay homage to fallen Nisei Soldiers and to celebrate the friendships forged between the French people and Japanese Americans in the most difficult of times. The tour had both an extended and abbreviated option. Those on the longer tour met in Nice and explored the French Maritime Alps before joining those on the short tour and visiting Bruyères, Biffontaine, Belmont, Laval-Sur-Vologne, Bois-de-Champ, and Fremifontaine. A JAVA donation was used to purchase wreaths presented at area monuments and historic sites.

The historic tour caught the eye of six JAVA members – Howard Hodges of Laurel, MD; Jeffery Morita of Mililani, Hawaii; Mark Nakagawa of Springfield, VA; David Nishitani of Corvallis, Oregon; Metta Tanikawa of Warrenton, VA and 442nd RCT Veteran Lawson Sakai of Morgan Hill, CA. JAVA members, like the other 130 participants, went in hopes of gaining a deeper connection to the WWII experience of their grandfathers, fathers, uncles, and friends, and in the case of Lawson Sakai, to retrace his own footsteps. JAVA members also went with the desire to foster the relationship between the Bruyères and Japanese American communities, brilliantly symbolized in one the trip’s highlights – the “Knot Sculpture” by 442nd RCT Veteran, former JAVA member and artist Shikichi Tajiri.

JAVA Members on the Tour: L-R Mark Nakagawa, Metta Tanikawa, Lawson Sakai, Howard Hodges, BR Jeff Morita. Photo by David Nishitani.

Jeff Morita saw the tour as a chance to fulfill a lifelong dream, a “pilgrimage, to walk the very grounds where my late Uncle Yoshio James Morita, F. Company /442nd, fought and was severely wounded by shrapnel a few days after the rescue of the lost ‘Texas’ battalion on November 2, 1944, near Grebefosse, France.” Another highlight for Morita was meeting Lawson Sakai.  Morita noted that although “we have exchanged communique in the past” it was the first face-to-face meeting.  For Jeff, the occasion had added significance, “my Aunt Fusako Morita in Gardena, California recalled going over to Lawson’s house — their family's were neighbors before the mass evacuation and incarcerations into the concentration camps.”  Jeff and his wife Yoko made the meaningful trip together.


Yoko Morita and Jeff Morita at Menton. Photo by Anne Morita Shima.

Jeff Morita at the Private Yohei Sagami (E.Co/442) Memorial — the 1st AJA KIA in the Vosges. Photo by Yoko Morita

For LTC Mark Nakagawa, USA (Ret) whose father served in the MIS, treading the land where Japanese Americans proved their loyalty to the United States, was an opportunity he could not pass up. “I had visited many of the important WWII sites such as Normandy while stationed in Germany but had only read about 442nd exploits. Visiting such hallowed ground with similarly interested individuals added emotional intensity and meaning to the trip.” Nakagawa was particularly struck by the Fremifontaine stop, where a memorial marks the rescue of the Lost Battalion. Nakagawa recounted how moved he was by the townspeople’s involvement. “A local band played as the Mayor served as master-of-ceremonies – the whole town to this day appreciates the Japanese American Soldiers who lost their lives in the fight for freedom.” Nakagawa also shared that villagers told him they “adopted” or tended the gravesites of 442nd buried at Epinal, the American Cemetery in Lorraine. As a veteran, however, the highlight of the trip was bonding with villagers by participating in a battle reenactment complete with WWII jeeps. Nakagawa rode along side of villagers wearing WWII uniforms emblazoned with the 442nd torch as they made their way up the rugged mountain hills. He left France grateful for the sacrifices of men who paved the way for a more inclusive American society but also a new understanding of the gratitude of the French people for the freedom the Japanese Americans brought to their country.

After placing a wreath at the Biffontaine Memorial, Mark Nakagawa salutes the fallen while Metta Tanikawa stands in solemn respect. Photo by David Nishitani.

The hospitality of the French villagers and the landscape of the countryside were not new to MSG David Nishitani, US Army Reserves (Ret). It was his third visit to France. He had also participated in two 100th Bn/442nd RCT tours to Italy - one in 2015 and one earlier this year. The draw, he explained, “was to follow his father’s footsteps. He was a Chief Warrant Officer in Service Company and I wanted to see where exactly he was during the war.” He also wanted to rekindle friendships he made on prior trips to France and Italy with “people that appreciated what the Nisei soldiers did for people of these countries.” For instance, on “a previous trip to France I got to meet a cousin of a family that my dad got to know in the Nice area during the ‘Champagne Campaign.’ I also was led to some places that my dad had photographed in 1944 and now I have a color comparison of the same area. These events happened thanks to the people that showed their appreciation for what the Nisei Soldiers did for their country.”

While the July tour allowed Nishitani “to see even more places” it was not a “check the box” type of tour. At every stop, the emotion was palpable. Nishitani related he had a heart-rending conversation with “the son of Barney Hajiro, a Medal of Honor recipient and then watched him hike the mountain where his dad helped save the Texas Lost Battalion near Biffontaine.” Equally poignant was the sight of seeing brothers Ken and James Sato visit their uncle's grave for the first time during the visit to the Epinal American Cemetery. Nishitani told of another emotional day spent a day at L'Escarene where the 442nd soldiers had hosted a Christmas party for the children of the town. He remarked that "some of those children are still around. Repaying the Nisei’s kindness, the town hosted a luncheon for us and many of ‘children’ attended the commemorative program and parade.” The town of Sospel also showered the same kindness on the tour participants. The group visited a Sospel school where there is a plaque commemorating Larry Miura and Kenji Sugawara, two members of the 442nd who lost their lives there. After placing a wreath at the school, the tour group attended a lunch hosted by the town. Similarly, the town of Menton on the French coast, hosted a reception for the tour group after they visited and placed a wreath at a monument honoring the 100th /442nd. Charged with taking official tour photos, Nishitani returned home with memories stored on his camera and in his heart.



At the Epinal American Cemetery. David Nishitani on the far left followed by Jolynn and Stuart Hirai and Christophe Chipot. With 24 of his years in the Reserves as a photographer for Public Affairs, 104th Div (IT) USAR based out of Vancouver Barracks, Washington, it is not surprising Nishitani was named the official "Tour Photographer."


David Nishitani, Glenn Hajiro and David Ono after hiking up to site of Lost Battalion.


The only 442nd Veteran on the trip, Lawson Sakai considered it a privilege to make the journey in honor of his fallen comrades. The above photo captures Lawson overcome with the natural beauty of Vosges, "75 years ago this wasn't a nice place but it is now." Photo by David Nishitani.


Glenn Hajiro, son of Barney Hajiro (MofH recipient) and Lawson Sakai by a sign that they replaced for Barney Hijiro  near the Lost Battalion monument. Photo by David Nishitani.

While the terrain of the Vosges region enjoyed the mantel of summer during the July trip, Metta Tanikawa, a history buff who had read extensively about the Japanese American units in WWII and who also served as part of the registration team for the 2012 Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony, knew the reality of the 100th/442nd was quite different. “The rescue of the Lost Battalion took place in the wet and cold of the fall, with Soldiers carrying fifty-pound packs as bombs exploded around them.” While Tanikawa had read accounts of the challenging landscape, hiking up the mountain paths brought home the reality in a new way. “The thickness of the forest and the steepness of the slope” cannot be grasped in a text. “Being there brought a new understanding of the difficulty of the task. Seeing the German foxholes on the ridges made me realize the close-range fighting the 100th/442nd was up against.” Tanikawa was also impressed with the villagers’ knowledge of WWII history. “History is multi-generational there. Stories of the Liberation of Bruyères are passed down from one generation to the next and also studied in school. Neither the occupation of the town from 1940-1944 nor the hard-won freedom by the Japanese American Veterans has been forgotten.” Tanikawa added that “even in broken English, teenagers and adults conveyed their appreciation…from one descendant to the next, there was an excitement about the shared story of freedom.”

JAVA members offered heartfelt thanks to Dr. Brian Yamamoto and his team of assistants for organizing the 75th Anniversary Tour in honor of the heroics of the Soldiers of the 100th/442nd RCT. Members also voiced appreciation for the 52nd Signal Battalion/US Army Garrison from Stuttgart, Germany who served as Color Guard, presenting the colors at ceremonies during the second half of the tour. Lastly, members all felt honored to accompany JAVA member Lawson Sakai on this special anniversary tour. Indeed, it was an unforgettable experience for all.

Tour highlights included:

•          Exploring the French Maritime Alps where Nisei troops were stationed during “Champagne Campaign."

•          Visiting Sospel and dedicating a wreath at a plaque honoring two Nisei KIA there. 

•          Spending day with the citizens of L’Escarene where Nisei troops held Christmas party for children in 1944. 

•          Visiting Menton where our Vets captured a German mini-sub.

•          Participating in Bastille Day ceremonies in Bruyères and marching in the town parade.

•          Visiting American Cemeteries at Lorraine and Epinal and placing leis and flags at 100th/442nd Veteran graves.

•          Visiting the “Knot Sculpture” by sculptor Shikichi Tajiri,442nd RCT and former JAVA member.

•          Placing a wreath at Yohei Sagami Monument in Laval. Yohei Sagami was the first soldier KIA in Vosges.

•          Placing a wreath at Tomosu Hirahara Square. Hirahara was KIA and is buried at the Epinal Cemetery.

•          Placing a wreath in a ceremony at the Lost Battalion Monument and viewing the new Monument to the 405th FS.

•          Visiting Biffontaine and Fremifontaine. 

•          Attending ceremonies and placing wreaths at the 45th Infantry Division & 3rd Infantry Division monument.

•          Visiting the Robert Booth Monument. Booth was KIA with 405th FS.

•          Participating in a wreath-laying ceremony at Borne 6, the site that commemorates the rescue of the Lost Battalion.

52nd Signal Battalion/US Army Garrison from Stuttgart, Germany Serving as Color Guard with Mark Nakagawa. Nakagawa called the commands when the Color Guard presented colors at the various sites. Photo by David Nishitani.

JAVA Vice President Mark Nakagawa, 2019 Japanese American Leadership Delegation Participant 


L-R: Andy Fujimoto, MarkNakagawa, Kurt Osaki posing with a Samurai Armor at DCM Joseph Young'sresidence. 

By Mark Nakagawa

I was fortunate to have been selected and participated in the U.S.-Japan Council’s (USJC) 2019 Japanese-American Leadership Delegation (JALD) visiting Tokyo and Kumamoto, Japan in March 2019. It was an experience of a lifetime that I only began to realize the enormity and impact of in the months following my return. 

Our program began with an orientation in Los Angeles where I met nine other delegates from throughout the United States: Hawaii, California, Washington, Idaho, Arizona, Colorado, Nebraska, Michigan, Vermont, and WDC. We quickly bonded as a group and prepared for our trip.

Once in Japan, delegates were given access to top Japanese government and business leaders, including Her Imperial Highness Princess Takamado, members of Prime Minister Abe’s Office, Foreign Minister Taro Kono, top ministry officials, National Diet members, prefectural and city leaders in Kumamoto, and leaders of the world’s largest and most successful corporations. The meetings and personal interaction deepened and strengthened the connection to my Japanese heritage. While I have always been intensely proud to be an American of Japanese heritage, JALD gave me a window to see and appreciate the mindsets of both worlds and the unique advantage of my background. As one of my fellow delegates insightfully remarked: “We are the children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren of Japanese immigrants to America.” Indeed, the Japanese Americans on the trip represented various career paths and have been successful in blending the best characteristics of both countries. Like other delegates, I returned home inspired to help further the U.S. – Japan alliance - drawing on my unique understanding of American and Japanese culture and serving as a bridge between the two countries.

I am eternally grateful to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the U.S.-Japan Council, The Japan Foundation’s Center for Global Partnership, and many others, for a life-changing experience. The seeds to further cultivate the people-to-people relationship have been sowed. I look forward to the future as the seeds germinate and grow, nurtured by the environment created by JALD.

2019 Japanese American Leadership Delegation

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2019 Delegates at their orientation in Los Angeles

Originally Published by JALD

OVERVIEW

The Japanese American Leadership Delegation (JALD) program provides the opportunity for a select group of Japanese American leaders from across the United States to travel to Japan to engage with Japanese leaders in the business, government, academic, nonprofit and cultural sectors. The trip also allows Japanese leaders to gain a greater understanding of multi-cultural America through the experiences of a diverse group of Japanese Americans. Upon their return, delegates collaborate with program alumni, the local consulates, the U.S.-Japan Council and local and national community organizations to continue strengthening ties between the U.S. and Japan. 

The Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), represented in the U.S. by the Embassy of Japan in Washington, DC and 17 consulate general offices, sponsors the program. The U.S.-Japan Council provides administration and support for the program. JALD began in 2000 and 217 delegates have participated to date. 

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JAVA Member Mark Nakagawa (second from left in FR) with other JALD Delegates

2019 TRIP

The ten delegates of the 2019 Japanese American Leadership Delegation (JALD) program returned home on March 9 after a full week of meetings, discussions and networking opportunities with Japanese leaders. With the aim to strengthen and diversify U.S.-Japan relations, the program builds people-to-people relationships with Japanese leaders from various sectors.

The group first visited Tokyo, where they met with Foreign Minister Taro Kono (a Friend of the Council) to discuss issues pertinent to the U.S.-Japan bilateral relationship. Minister Kono has spent time with every JALD class since the program’s inception in 2000. As in years past, he brought parliamentarians who are part of the Japan-U.S. Parliamentary Friendship League, and encouraged networking among Japanese and Japanese American leaders. 

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Delegate Bryce Suzuki with Foreign Minister Kono

The delegates also met with many other leaders in Tokyo, including MEXT (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) Minister Masahiko Shibayama; U.S. Ambassador to Japan William F. Hagerty; Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy Joseph M. Young; Special Advisor to the Prime Minister Kentaro Sonoura; and representatives from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Keidanren (Japan Business Federation), Keizai Doyukai (Japan Association of Corporate Executives), Forum 21, and the Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership (CGP).

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JAVA Vice President Mark Nakagawa (back row, center) with Kumamoto Governor Ikuo Kabashima (front row, fourth from left) and Vice Governor Taisuke Ono (back row, left)


In Kumamoto Prefecture, the delegates met with Governor Ikuo Kabashima of Kumamoto Prefecture and Mayor Kazufumi Onishi of Kumamoto City. They also participated in a symposium titled “Three Sectors, Three Approaches: Cities that Attract Youth,” co-sponsored by the Japan Foundation CGP, USJC and Kumamoto City, with support from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Kumamoto Prefecture. Based upon their own experience in academia, civil society and the private sector, panelists discussed how to create cities that will continue to draw future generations. About 120 individuals attended the symposium, which concluded with a lively Q&A.

The JALD program is sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and organized by USJC. Please see the US-Japan Council website for further details http://www.usjapancouncil.org/jald .


THE 2020 JAPANESE AMERICAN LEADERSHIP DELEGATION (JALD) APPLICATION IS NOW OPEN UNTIL SEPTEMBER 13, 2019!

The Embassy of Japan would like JAVA members and friends to know that the application for the 2020 Japanese American Leadership Delegation (JALD) is now open to the public until September 13th, 2019.


The Embassy has uploaded the application information to their website and Twitter.

Website: https://www.us.emb-japan.go.jp/english/html/jald-2020.pdf 

Twitter: https://twitter.com/JapanEmbDC/status/1164545787449270272

The Embassy is willing to recommend applicants from DC, MD, and VA. If you would like to recommend an individual to the Embassy, please email a brief introduction of the candidate by September 13 to Namiko Suzuki at namiko.suzuki@mofa.go.jp. If you would like to recommend someone outside the Washington DC area, please contact the consulate general in charge of their respective state. A description of the JALD opportunity can be found on the US-Japan Council website http://www.usjapancouncil.org/jald.

For further information or questions please contact:

Namiko Suzuki 鈴木奈未子

Management & Coordination Section | Embassy of Japan

Tel: 202-238-6848  Cell: 202-531-9724

E-mail: namiko.suzuki@mofa.go.jp

Denver Stockyards Station Post Office Named to Honor George Sakato


George Sakato (MOH) at the Congressional Gold Medal Ceremony in 2011. Photo by David Nishitani

Denver, CO.   On August 23, 2019 the US Postal Service Colorado held a ceremony in Denver to name the Stockyards Station Post Office to honor of George Sakato, an employee of the US Postal Service and a Veteran of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team.  The one hour program, attended by Denver’s dignitaries,  a member of the diplomatic corps, and featured the Buckley Air Force Base Honor Guard and the 101st Army Band of the Colorado National Guard, was followed by a reception.  A plaque (see photo) to mark this event was placed in the corridor of the building.   

Daughter Leslie Sakato thanked the US Post Office for this enduring recognition and discussed her Dad’s early years in Colton, CA; the family’s move to Arizona to avoid the mass incarceration of 110,000 ethnic Japanese; voluntary enlistment in the US Army; work on the family truck farm during the day while sorting mail at the post office part time at night; conversion to full-time postal employee; and discharging his  obligations as a Medal of Honor recipient.

The Japan America Society Denver reported that “Sakato retired from the Stockyards Station Post Office in Denver, after 27 years of service.   In November 2013 Sakato was featured on the WW II Medal of Honor Forever stamp Prestige Folio and was an honored guest at the first day ceremonies in Washington, DC.”

On October 29, 1944 George Sakato led an assault on Biffontaine, France capturing four enemy soldiers.  Inspired by Sakato’s bravery, his unit followed him to capture 34 prisoners and kill 12 enemy soldiers.  Sakato received the Distinguished Service Cross for his actions. In 2000 his award was upgraded to the Medal of Honor.  Sakato passed away on December 2, 2015, but his legacy lives on.


Building Dedication Plaque. Photo from Internet

Leslie Sakato, daughter of George, presenting remarks.  Photo by Gil Asakawa.